March 23, 2017

Dear Arconic Employees,

Since investing in Arconic, we have gotten to know many current and former Arconic employees. We’ve come to admire the industrial know-how, technical competence, pride, and integrity of the Alcoans that built this Company. We have a tremendous amount of respect for all of you. You deserve a chief executive that is ethical and upright. While we wish it were otherwise, indications are that you do not currently have such a chief executive.

Last Thursday, we wrote Arconic’s Board a letter detailing your chief executive’s apparent diversion of corporate assets for his own benefit related to a vote-buying agreement that was deliberately concealed (likely in violation of applicable law) from the Company’s shareholders for the better part of a year (the “Secret August Voting Lock-Up”).1

On Tuesday, you received a letter from your CEO, Klaus Kleinfeld. Without supporting detail or evidence, Dr. Kleinfeld insisted Elliott’s “allegations are false.”

First, What Happened?

Almost 3 years ago, in June of 2014, Arconic (then Alcoa) announced that it was buying Firth Rixson for ~$3 billion in cash and stock.2 To justify the high price tag, your CEO insisted that Firth had better days ahead as part of Alcoa.3 Dr. Kleinfeld believed that under his stewardship, Firth Rixson would grow. That didn’t happen. Instead, Firth Rixson actually shrunk and in 2016 missed management’s earnings target by more than 60%.

Sometime in 2016, Arconic likely decided that it had some legal claims against the Seller of Firth Rixson. Legal claims like the ones Arconic believed it had against the Seller of Firth Rixson belong to the Company and cannot be used by management for its own personal benefit. Unfortunately, Dr. Kleinfeld appears to have done just that. He appears to have used Arconic’s potential claims to obtain a written agreement that the Seller of Firth Rixson would vote its stock in favor of Dr. Kleinfeld and the Board’s recommended nominees at the Company’s next two Annual Meetings. In short, Dr. Kleinfeld appears to have taken claims – assets – belonging to the Company and used them for his own personal benefit and to promote his own entrenchment and that of the Board.

Let’s go through the relevant issues one-by-one:

Did Arconic enter a vote-buying agreement with the seller of Firth Rixson?
Yes. Dr. Kleinfeld’s own letter confirms that “the agreement included a voting commitment from Oak Hill.”

Did Arconic fail to disclose this agreement for seven months?
Yes. The Secret August Voting Lock-Up was agreed to on August 18th. There was no disclosure of the Secret August Voting Lock-Up in the Quarterly Report filed on November 9, 2016, at the Investor Day on December 14th, or in the Annual Report filed on February 28, 2017, or the Preliminary Proxy filed on March 2, 2017.

Did Arconic management fail to inform the Board of this arrangement?
It appears so. Neither the Board nor Dr. Kleinfeld has provided details as to when the Board learned of the Secret August Voting Lock-Up, but, based on the absence of such detail, the hasty response, and the immediate waiver of the agreement, it seems very likely the Board only learned of this scheme when Elliott pointed it out or when it was finally disclosed on March 13, 2017.

Is this Secret August Voting Lock-Up contrary to law?
It appears so. A fundamental principle of corporate governance is that management cannot use the Company’s assets for its own benefit. In his letter to you, Dr. Kleinfeld did not articulate what corporate purpose could possibly have been served by the Secret August Voting Lock-Up. Moreover, the Company’s actions are an implicit admission of guilt. If the Secret August Voting Lock-Up served a valid corporate purpose, why did the Company hide the agreement for seven months and why is the Company now “choosing” to waive it?

Is the Secret August Voting Lock-Up contrary to Arconic’s own Code of Ethics and Code of Conduct?
Yes. In Arconic’s Code of Ethics, the CEO and other high-level executives are required to “avoid actual or apparent conflicts of interest between personal and professional relationships.”4 Dr. Kleinfeld appears to have entered into a voting agreement on behalf of Arconic with the Seller of Firth Rixson. The benefits of that agreement flowed directly to him – the Seller was required to vote its shares in favor of Dr. Kleinfeld, thereby helping him keep his very high-paying job (in which he has been paid over $128 million dollars by the Board over his nine years at the Company). This is a clear conflict of interest and a violation of Arconic’s Code of Ethics.

Page 15 of Arconic’s Code of Conduct states that “a bribe is offering, giving or receiving anything of value (no matter how small) in order to improperly influence a business decision.”5 Management says, without evidence, that “no additional value was given for the commitment.” This doesn’t pass the laugh test. Anyone who has actually worked in a business knows that all negotiated terms of a commercial agreement, by definition, relate directly or indirectly to value – otherwise a commercial enterprise, which exists for the purpose of making money, would not bother to negotiate them. Just as you wouldn’t give away your vote for free (in this Proxy Contest or in any other democratic election), Arconic clearly provided at least some value – directly or indirectly – to the Seller of Firth Rixson to obtain the Secret August Voting Lock-Up.

The Board’s Responsibility
Each and every Arconic employee is required to act in accordance with the Company’s Code of Conduct, and those deemed financial professionals, including the CEO, are held to even higher standards.6 All we are asking Arconic’s Board to do is to treat top management the same way top management would treat you. There cannot be one set of rules for the people on Park Avenue and a different, higher, standard, for the rest of the employees throughout the organization or out in the field.

Arconic’s own outside counsel wrote that it is the Board’s job to “establish the appropriate ‘tone at the top’ to actively cultivate a corporate culture that gives high priority to ethical standards, principles of fair dealing, professionalism, integrity, full compliance with legal requirements, ethically sound strategic goals and long-term sustainable value creation.”7 We say to the Arconic Board: Take this advice – you cannot demand that your employees behave lawfully and ethically when you permit your CEO to take Company assets and use them for his own benefit.

Why the Board Has Struggled Thus Far To Fulfill Its Responsibility
Board members are human beings, and we are mindful that there are extensive personal ties – longstanding friendships and shared memberships on boards other than Arconic’s – between members of the Board and top management. For instance, the Company’s Lead Independent Director (the only position on the Board having power remotely rivaling that of Dr. Kleinfeld), Patricia Russo, and Dr. Kleinfeld effectively supervise each other at Arconic and Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company (“HPE”).

  • At Arconic, Ms. Russo serves as Lead Independent Director and is responsible for supervising Dr. Kleinfeld as CEO and Chairman. At the same time, at HPE, Dr. Kleinfeld serves on the committee responsible for supervising Ms. Russo, who serves as the Chairman.
  • At Arconic, Ms. Russo sits on the committee responsible for overseeing the compensation of Dr. Kleinfeld as Chairman and CEO. At the same time, at HPE, Dr. Kleinfeld sits on the committee responsible for overseeing Ms. Russo’s pay as Chairman.

Thus, each is responsible for supervising the other and setting the other’s pay and compensation. This remarkable arrangement is surely likely to create some awkwardness and discomfort in light of the current circumstances at Arconic. However, personal ties should not be permitted to affect or cloud the Board’s judgment or its independence, nor should any expectation of continued mutual back-scratching in the future.

It’s Not Just Vote-Buying
Since we announced our campaign for a change in Arconic’s leadership, we have received, unsolicited, an outpouring of e-mails and other communications from current and former Arconic employees, customers, and suppliers. They describe highly questionable behavior on the part of management. We have learned that management, in a desperate attempt to keep its lucrative position, has taken a variety of actions that could imperil the long-term sustainability of the Company in order to flatter short-term performance. Specifically, a recent e-mail informed us that “capital spending for 2017 has been indiscriminately slashed” preventing “factories from being able to ramp up their production on growth programs.” Like many in the field at Arconic, this individual “remain[s] in fond hope that the much needed change is not far away.”

We have also heard from scores of demoralized plant employees and former employees deploring the distance, physical and cultural, between management and the team in the field. As one former employee put it, “Moving the corporate headquarters from Pittsburgh to one of the most expensive properties in Manhattan, the Lever Tower, was nothing but self-serving for [the old CEO]. It is my understanding that Kleinfeld took it to the next level by hiring a host of PR people to promote him. How many millions are spent in New York on that office?”

This former employee, echoing many others, wrote, “In your documentation outlining your attempt to rescue Alcoa, you use the word Alcoan. That word was synonymous with the word family. It was a term of endearment and a badge of honor for every one of us.” He added, “As an Arconic shareholder, you have asked me to vote my few shares in favor of your agenda that if successful, would rid the once great company Alcoa of this incompetent management … I sincerely hope that voting my few shares helps to rid Alcoa of this incompetence.”

To that employee and others, we hear you. We thank you for your vote. And the day is coming when Arconic will once again have the world-class leadership all of its employees and shareholders deserve.

We are Long-Term Investors
Management owns very little of Arconic. The Board owns even less – just 0.06%. For both management and the Board, most of its shares were awarded as grants and not purchased on the open market. In fact, your CEO hasn’t bought a single share of stock – with his own money – since 2007 (before he became CEO) and he has sold the majority of shares he has been given. It is likely of far greater importance to the CEO that he keep his high-paying job – $15 to $20 million per year evidently regardless of performance – and protect his legion of allies imported from Siemens than it is to promote the long-term interests of the Company.

By contrast, Elliott has an approximately $1.6 billion investment in Arconic. Our decision to make such a large investment was not made lightly, and it wasn’t made to produce a quick buck. To increase the value of our investment in Arconic, the Company must perform better over the long haul. We are long-term investors, and we are highly committed to seeing Arconic improve in ways that will stand the test of time.

Before you were employees of Arconic, you were Alcoans. We know what that means. You deserve leadership that is competent, honest, and ethical.

Your Board must act – now.

Thank you,

Elliott Management Corporation

1 On March 13, 2017, Arconic Inc. (“Arconic” or the “Company”) filed a Proxy Statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) which disclosed for the first time that the Company’s resolution of a working-capital adjustment arising out of Arconic’s 2014 acquisition of Firth Rixson included entering into a vote-buying agreement. The agreement locked up the vote of approximately 8.7 million shares of Arconic common stock for a period of two years in exchange for the resolution of potential claims against the former owner of Firth Rixson (the “Secret August Voting Lock-Up” or “Settlement”). The Secret August Voting Lock-Up requires the former owner of Firth Rixson to vote any shares of Arconic common stock that they beneficially own as of the record date in favor of the election of directors nominated by the Company’s Board, including Dr. Kleinfeld.
2 Accelerating Alcoa’s Transformation, Announcing Firth Rixson Acquisition, Alcoa Inc., June 26th, 2014
3 Accelerating Alcoa’s Transformation, Announcing Firth Rixson Acquisition, Alcoa Inc., June 26th, 2014
4 Arconic Code of Ethics, available at http://www.arconic.com/global/en/investors/code-of-ethics.asp
5 Arconic Code of Conduct, available at https://www.arconic.com/global/en/pdf/arconic-code-of-conduct.pdf
6 Arconic Code of Ethics, available at http://www.arconic.com/global/en/investors/code-of-ethics.asp
7 “The New Paradigm, A Roadmap for an Implicit Corporate Governance Partnership Between Corporations and Investors to Achieve Sustainable Long-Term Investment and Growth,” Martin Lipton, Wachtell Lipton Rosen & Katz, prepared for the International Business Council of the World Economic Forum, available at: http://www.wlrk.com/docs/thenewparadigm.pdf

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